WW Digital Data to Grow 10x in 8 Years – IDC/EMC
From 4.4ZB in 2013 to 44ZB in 2020
EMC Corporation announced results of the seventh EMC Digital
Universe study, a report to quantify and forecast the amount of data produced
This year's study reveals how the
emergence of wireless technologies, smart products and software-defined
businesses are playing a central role in catapulting the volume of the world's
data. Due, in part, to this Internet of Things, the digital universe is
doubling in size every two years
and will multiply 10-fold between 2013 and 2020, from 4.4 trillion gigabytes to
44 trillion gigabytes.
- The amount of information in the digital universe would
fill a stack of iPad Air tablets reaching 2/3 of the way to the moon
(157,674 miles/253,704 kilometers). By 2020, there will be 6.6 stacks.
(Calculated using iPad Air = .29" thick, 128 gigabyte capacity.)
- Today, the average household creates enough data to fill
65 iPhones (32gb) per year. In 2020, this will grow to 318 iPhones.
- Today, if a byte of data were a gallon of water, in only
10 seconds there would be enough data to fill an average house. In 2020, it
will only take 2 seconds.
The Internet of Things comprises billions of everyday objects
that are equipped with unique identifiers and the ability to automatically
record, report and receive data - a sensor in your shoe tracking how fast you
run or a bridge tracking traffic patterns. The number of devices or things that
can be connected to the Internet is approaching 200 billion today, with 7% (or
14 billion) already connected to and communicating over the Internet. The data
from these connected devices represents 2% of the world's data today. By 2020,
the number of connected devices will grow to 32 billion, representing 10% of the
The Internet of Things will also influence the massive amounts
of 'useful data' - data that could be analyzed - in the digital universe. In
2013, only 22% of the information in the digital universe was considered useful
data, but less than 5% of the useful data was actually analyzed, leaving a
massive amount of data lost as dark matter in the digital universe. By 2020,
more than 35% of all data could be considered useful data, thanks to the growth
of data from the Internet of Things, but it will be up to businesses to put this
data to use.
This phenomenon will present radical new
ways of interacting with customers, streamlining business cycles, and reducing
operational costs, stimulating trillions of dollars in opportunity for
businesses. Conversely, it presents significant challenges as businesses look to
manage, store and protect the sheer volume and diversity of this data. For
example, approximately 40% of the data in
the digital universe require some level of protection, from heightened privacy
measures to fully-encrypted data. That said, only half of that data - just 20% -
is actually protected.
Other Key Findings:
- Emerging markets are
producing more data: Currently, 60% of
data in the digital universe is attributed to mature markets such as
Germany, Japan, and the United States, but by 2020, the percentage will
flip, and emerging markets including Brazil, China, India, Mexico and Russia
will account for the majority of data.
- Data is outpacing storage:
The world's amount of available storage capacity (i.e., unused bytes) across
all media types is growing slower than the digital universe. In 2013, the
available storage capacity could hold just 33% of the digital universe. By
2020, it will be able to store less than 15%. Fortunately, most of the
world's data is transient (e.g. Netflix or Hulu stream, Xbox ONE game
interactions, Digital TV) and requires no storage.
- Data touched by the cloud
will double: In 2013, less than 20% of
the data in the digital universe was touched by the cloud. By 2020, that
percentage will double to 40%.
- Consumers create data but
enterprises are responsible for it:
Two-thirds of the digital universe bits are created or captured by consumers
and workers, yet enterprises have liability or responsibility for 85% of the